Optimizing the soil physical environment toward greater crop yields. Edited by Daniel Hillel.

Cover of: Optimizing the soil physical environment toward greater crop yields. |

Published by Academic Press in New York .

Written in English

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Subjects:

  • Soil physics -- Congresses,
  • Plant-soil relationships -- Congresses,
  • Water in agriculture -- Congresses

Edition Notes

Book details

ContributionsHillel, Daniel, International Symposium on Soil-Water Physics and Technology, Hebrew University, 1971
Classifications
LC ClassificationsS592.3 O68 1972
The Physical Object
Pagination240p.
Number of Pages240
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL18387099M

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Description Optimizing the Soil Physical Environment Toward Greater Crop Yields contains the proceedings of an invitational panel convened during the International Symposium on Soil-Water Physics and Technology held at The Hebrew University Faculty of Agriculture in Rehovot, Israel, August 29 to September 5, Criteria for determining the aims and directions of research in soil physics and technology --Efficient management of water in agriculture --Soil temperature and crop growth --Improving the water properties of sand soil --Improvement of soil structure by chemical means --Root development in relation to soil physical conditions --The field water.

Cary, John W. () BOOK REVIEW: Daniel Hillel (Ed.), "Optimizing the Soil Physical Environment Toward Greater Crop Yields".Cited by: 2.

Optimizing the Soil Physical Environment Toward Greater Crop Yields. Daniel Hillel, edAuthor: John W. Cary. Optimizing the soil physical environment toward greater crop yields. New York, Academic Press. Hillel, D. The efficient use of water in irrigation: principles and practices for improving irrigation in arid and semi-arid regions.

Tech. Paper. Washington, DC, World Bank. Hillel, D. & Guron, Y. Evapotrans-piration and the yield. Soil Science– Cook DF, Nelson SD () Effect of seedling emergence in crust forming soils. Soil Science– De Boodt M () Improvement of soil structure by chemical means.

‘Optimizing the soil physical environment toward greater crop yields’. (Ed. D Optimizing the soil physical environment toward greater crop yields.

book pp. 43– (Academic Press: New York). property and its management is of utmost importance for optimizing crop nutrition on both a short-term and a long-term basis to achieve sustainable crop production. Soil productivity is the ability of a soil to support crop production determined by the entire spectrum of its physical, chemical and biological attributes.

Soil. Shaping an optimal soil, utilizing the plasticity of root system architecture, and the diversity of physical and biochemical interactions between roots and soils might provide us with a novel opportunity to improve soils for agricultural production, increase crop yields, and provide food security in a sustainable manner (see Outstanding Questions).

Most inquiries could be put off by a recitation of generalities such as a loam soil having intermediate bulk density, good aggregation, good infiltration rate, and no impedance to drainage represented a soil with good physical conditions, and good production could be expected on such soil if.

The crop yield is related to several factors, among these, soil tillage, soil compaction and crop rotation. This study aimed to evaluate the winter cover crops and crop rotation influence on soil physical properties and grain yield of dry beans, maize and soybean for two growing seasons.

Three experiments were conducted, corresponding to dry beans, maize and soybean crops. China and other rapidly developing economies face the dual challenge of substantially increasing yields of cereal grains while at the same time reducing the very substantial environmental impacts of intensive agriculture.

We used a model-driven integrated soil–crop system management approach to develop a maize production system that achieved mean maize yields of t ha−1 on.

Moran et al. (), however, in a study of a soil in a wet-and-dry environment, show that a soil treated with minimum tillage had more pores, identified directly by image analysis, and higher hydraulic conductivity, measured in the field, than did a similar soil traditionally cultivated (Figure 14).

Figure 14 also illustrates the impact of. RELATIONSHIPS BETWEEN SOIL PHYSICAL PROPERTIES AND CROP YIELDS IN DIFFERENT CROPPING SYSTEMS IN SOUTHERN CAMEROON Dissertation Submitted in fulfilment of the requirements for the degree “Doktor der Agrarwissenschaften” ( / Ph.D.

in. Soil organic matter and clay particles hold large stores of plant nutrients. These reservoirs, however, are not all available to the crop.

In an organic crop rotation, the grower manages soil organic matter and nutrient availability by incorporating different crop residues, cycling among crops with different nutrient needs, using cover crops, and adding organic soil amendments.

Yields from the Broadbalk wheat experiment, begun inare a good example of this (figure 1): the efficient use of fertilizers and lime, combined with new varieties of wheat and the effective use of crop protection chemicals, has increased grain yields on the experiment from 3 t ha −1 at best to approximately 10 t ha −1 today, with a.

However, the bulk density of soil in HA and HC was lower than that of RM, and soil physical structure became better by the comparison with the soil in RM after five years' intercropping (Jiang et.

In the past, soil productivity was the primary value attached to soils and crop yield reductions were the primary measure used to assess the significance of soil degradation. In the long-term, however, soil management goals need to be broadened to include the roles that soils play in regulating water flow through watersheds and buffering.

The benefits of healthy soil in sustaining crop production are most evident when growing conditions are less than ideal. Healthy soils increase the capacity of crops to withstand weather variability, including short term extreme precipitation events and intra-seasonal drought.

The extreme drought in resulted in variable yield reduction to corn and soybean production in Iowa with the. A series of measurements was begun in to assess selected soil physical and biological properties in a variety of cropping and management systems.

Measurements include bulk density, soil compaction, soil organic matter, and aggregate stability. Biological measurements began in   Information on the effect of long-term management on soil nutrients and chemical properties is scanty. We examined the year effect of tillage frequency and cropping sequence combination on dryland soil Olsen-P, K, Ca, Mg, Na, SO 4 –S, and Zn concentrations, pH, electrical conductivity (EC), and cation exchange capacity (CEC) at the 0– cm depth and annualized crop yield.

A soil test is important for several reasons: to optimize crop production, to protect the environment from contamination by runoff and leaching of excess fertilizers, to aid in the diagnosis of plant culture problems, to improve the nutritional balance of the growing media and to save money and conserve energy by applying only the amount of.

The rate of yield increase is much greater regardless of topsoil thickness compared with till-derived soils. This increase can be attributed to better soil conditions under loess-derived soils for high water and nutrient availability compared with till-derived soils. The addition of N fertilizer to soil greatly increases yield.

ZONE SOIL SURFACE VADOSE ZONE CROPS STREAM GROUNDWATER SOILS: Soils are extremely complex, hence we often simplify to study and understand soil physical principles, e.g., • soil particles are spherical • soil pores are composed of capillary tubes • soil is homogeneous soil particles soil gas soil water SOIL SOLID PHASE IS CHARACTERIZED BY.

nutrient management on crop yields and nutrient use e Soil physical environments are similar for maize and wheat, as both () and Bhusan et al. () reported similar or greater yields of. Monitoring soil moisture in the root zone of crops will optimize irrigation.

The benefits of optimizing irrigation scheduling with soil moisture sensors includes increasing crop yields, saving water, protecting local water resources from runoff, saving on energy costs, saving on fertilizer costs and increasing the farmer profitability.

In ‘Handbook of soil conditioners: substances that enhance the physical properties of soil’. (Eds A Wallace, RE Terry) pp. – (Marcel Dekker Inc.: New York) De Boodt M () Improvement of soil structure by chemical means. In ‘Optimising the soil physical environment towards greater crop yields’.

(Ed. D Hillel) pp. 43–   1. Introduction [2] Irrigation water demands depend on farmers' decisions on when and which crops to produce, how much water to apply, and which irrigation technologies to use.

Decisions involve short‐ and long‐term commitment of resources. Short‐term decisions can respond directly to particular water availability events either to minimize losses in dry years or to take advantage of. When it comes to the end, making a good soil is more important for the crop production.

By adjusting your soils pH, texture and fertility to your liking plants, you can create the good soil. Your plants will find what your pH of soils should be. Even the organic matter will definitely enhance the soil for a long. nutrients. Soil tests measure the quantity of a nutrient that is extracted from a soil by a particular extractant.

The measured quantity of extractable nutrient in soil is fertilizer, manure and any other amendments. As soil test levels increase for a particular nutrient, the expected crop yield response to additions of that nutrient decreases.

Legume cover crops contribute N to a subsequent crop, relieving the farmer of some of the cost of buying fertilizer. Legumes can supply much of the N required for many summer crops, from row crops such as corn or grain sorghum to vegetables such as sweet corn, cabbage, squash, and pumpkins ().In Figure 2, maximum yield was attained with both lb fertilizer N/acre and with 54 lb.

Overcoming soil nutrient constraints to crop production in West Africa: Optimizing the use of water and nitrogen through soil and crop management. Effect of residue management practices on the soil physical environment, microclimate and growth.

crop varieties and modest amounts of mineral fertilizer may improve crop yields but at a relatively low agronomic efficiency (AE) of nutrient use.

Combining fertilizer addition with locally-available organic inputs while retaining or enriching crop residues improves nutrient use efficiency and protects soil.

Rather, the additional residue from cover crops killed in early May conserved soil moisture and contributed to greater corn yield (84, 85). In Kentucky, surface evaporation from May to September was five times less under no-till (which leaves a surface mulch) than with conventional tillage.

SOIL PHYSICAL PROPERTIES AND CROP PRODUCTIVITY OF AN DOI: /sse lower soil horizons have a greater clay content VOL.

~ NO. 12 ERODED SOIL AMENDED WITH MANURE past erosion on soil physical properties and crop production, and our second was to determine if.

Precision agriculture (PA), satellite farming or site specific crop management (SSCM) is a farming management concept based on observing, measuring and responding to inter and intra-field variability in goal of precision agriculture research is to define a decision support system (DSS) for whole farm management with the goal of optimizing returns on inputs while preserving resources.

Cropping system refers to temporal and spatial arrangements of crops, and management of soil, water and vegetation in order to optimize the biomass/agronomic production per unit area, per unit time and per unit input.

Soil quality refers to its intrinsic attributes that govern biomass productivity and environment moderating capacity. Maximizing Yield Potential by Optimizing Soil Management Practices (5/1/) Drought impact on crop production and the soil environment: experiences from Iowa.

Strip-Tillage Effect on Seedbed Soil Temperature and Other Soil Physical Properties. Soil Tillage Res. Al-Kaisi, M.M. and X. Yin. soil. Managing your soils for physical soil properties along with other management strategies can result in uniform crop establishment and sustainability.

Strength from the soil Department of Soil Science Fargo, ND Soil Health Land Management Physical Soil Properties Texture Aggregation Structure and Porosity Bulk Density. 5 Soils 1. INTRODUCTION. Fertile soils are among the greatest natural assets of the U.S.

agricultural system. These include highly productive types of soils (e.g., mollisols and alfisols) that cover more than 30 percent of the country (USDA, ; see Figure ).The importance of maintaining the nation’s agricultural soils cannot be overstated: Soils are the basis of the nation’s capacity.

Soils & Soil Physical Properties Unit | Part 2 – 5 Introduction Introduction: Soils & Soil Physical Properties UNIT OVERVIEW This unit introduces students to the components of soil and soil physical properties, and how each affects soil use and management in farms and gardens.

In two lectures. students will learn about. Omni Impact Stories is a series that chronicles the actions taken to uplift farming villages in rural India as well as document the real-life accounts of the farmers and their families who are positively affected by the Improving Lives Foundation.

A case for sustainability. Consumers’ buying decisions are increasingly based on a broader world view of how their purchases impact people, labor.Present water shortage is one of the primary world issues, and according to climate change projections, it will be more critical in the future.

Since water availability and accessibility are the most significant constraining factors for crop production, addressing this issue is indispensable for areas affected by water scarcity.

Current and future issues related to “water scarcity” are.physical properties relative to continuous row cropping. Improvements in soil physical properties are also seen in reduced tillage systems. Manure application improves soil physical properties by building soil organic matter content and improving soil structure, which in turn reduce erosion.

The organic matter aids in stabilizing soil.

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